A septoplasty is a surgery for treating nasal blockage.
A deviated septum is a displacement of the wall between the nostrils and often causes these blockages. Enlarged bone structures called turbinates might also block parts of the nose.
A surgeon will also perform a septoplasty to treat long-term sinusitis, remove nasal polyps, and treat other conditions that block the nasal airway. Occasionally, surgeons will recommend a septoplasty to stop recurrent nosebleeds.
A septoplasty is one of the most common ear, nose, and throat (ENT) procedures in the United States. However, doctors will often only recommend septoplasty after ruling out other treatments for nasal blockages.
In this article, we look at what to expect during a septoplasty, including the risks of the procedure and the reasons for having one.
What to expect
A septoplasty is a procedure for correcting a deviated septum.
Before the surgery, a nurse and doctor will review the details of the surgery and answer any questions.
They may ask the individual undergoing surgery to complete some routine tests, such as a blood test, X-ray, or electrical heart tracing.
The physicians and nurses will also ask some questions about general health, current medications, or possible allergies.
On entering the hospital, the anesthetist will meet with the person who is having surgery to explain all elements of anesthesia.
Septoplasty often involves general anesthesia. An anesthetist puts an individual to sleep during the surgery. Sometimes, surgeons will choose to use local anesthesia and intravenous sedation instead, but they will discuss this with the patient first.
As with other surgeries that use general anesthesia, people should not eat, drink, or even chew gum after a certain time on the night before the procedure.
If necessary, a doctor or nurse will provide further instructions on when and how to take medications.
To reduce the risk of bleeding, the doctor will probably ask the person to stop using any oral blood-thinning medications up to a week before surgery. Anyone taking blood thinners or other drugs should discuss these with the surgeon.